While naturalism digged deep into realistic expressions and outcomes, there were several alternative movements starting to discover something different than
‘just to show real life as it is’.
All these movements were slightly different from each other, yet they could be connected as
or at least branches or roots of modernism.
WHY DID ALL THOSE NEW MOVEMENTS STARTED TO DEVELOP?
Because people always get bored. They are never 100% happy with what they have\do etc. They need something different, something new, something surprising and unprecedented. Additionally, new flows started at rough times in the history- between two world wars and all the other conflicts and social problems, naturalism was too depressing, people wanted to escape from reality, they needed fun, hope and pleasure to relief their pain.
WHAT WAS WRONG WITH NATURALISM? WHAT WAS THE DIFFERENCE?
Naturalism lost most of the imagination, the creativeness, while trying to copy every single detail from observable objects\activities. Modernism tried to rediscover the creativenessm believing that there is smth else that just the ‘world we see‘. Perhaps, we all see it slightly differently. There are things that we pay more attention than to others, there are emotions, feelings all these abstract things, which cannot be expressed by showing reality. Modernism found a different view to unconscious mind than naturalism, finding that it is not just black&white, that dreams and supernatural are yet so believable, that they could be truth, though they’re not. New movements built a new relationship between reality and unrealistic stuff.
Founded in 1920’s in Paris, along with existentialism
Existentialism: study of human existencem it’s condition, it’s place and role in the world.
Main issue-existence or absence of GOD
Developed after WW II
Life is irrational, illogical, without reason, pointless
Questions nature of existence
Suggested ideas through symbols
At forefront of modernism
Emerged in Germany
Reaction against impressionism
Inspired by symbolism
Distortion of form
Art came form within artist, rather than represent the external
Influenced by Karl Marx
Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams had a big effect
Influenced by pshychoanalysis
Bright colours, effects
Non-natural colours and over-representing
Began in Zurih
Ranged from poerty to performing arts
Moched materialistic and nationalistic attitudes
All about shapes
Using primitive (ancient: Greek, Roman etc..) art forms
Developed from Russia
Not to express beauty, but analysis